Intoeing is defined as an abnormal angle of gait with the toes pointed excessively inward. This commonly occurs in children of various ages. The rotational (transverse plane) pathology producing this deformity can occur at the level of the hip, knee, tibia or foot. Symptoms of Intoeing The three common symptoms and causes of intoeing are: Medial femoral torsion in which the femur, or thighbone, is rotated inward. Medial tibial torsion is an inwardly rotated tibia or shinbone in the lower leg.
In-toeing, in which a person walks "pigeon-toed," with each foot pointed slightly toward the other. Bowlegs (also called bowed legs). Keeping the legs in this position often helps a patient maintain balance. Pain in the hips, knees and/or ankles. Snapping sound in the hip while walking. Diagnosis of femoral anteversion. Frequently, femoral anteversion reduces from approximately 40° at birth to approximately 20° by the age of nine years. As adults we have 15° of femoral anteversion. To walk with their feet facing forwards toddlers have to use their muscles to turn the leg outwards. As they get tired the leg will tend to turn back in.
Intoeing means that when a child walks or runs, the feet turn inward instead of pointing straight ahead. It is commonly referred to as being "pigeon-toed." Intoeing is often first noticed by parents when a baby begins walking, but children at various ages may display intoeing for different reasons. Three conditions can cause intoeing. In children older than 3, femoral anteversion is the most common cause of in-toeing (walking with feet angled toward each other). What is femoral anteversion? The femur is the long bone that connects the hip joint to the knee joint. Anteversion means “leaning forward.” Femoral anteversion is a condition in which the femoral neck leans.